Add Password to Azure AD Application#

Metadata#

platform

Azure

contributors

Roberto Rodriguez @Cyb3rWard0g,MSTIC R&D

creation date

2021-08-05

modification date

2021-09-08

Tactics

TA0003

Techniques

T1098.001

Description#

A threat actor might want to add a password to an Azure AD application for persistence purposes via Microsoft Graph APIs and the right permissions.

Run Simulation#

Get OAuth Access Token#

from msal import PublicClientApplication
import requests
import time

function_app_url = "https://FUNCTION_APP_NAME.azurewebsites.net"

tenant_id = "TENANT_ID"
public_client_app_id = "KATANA_CLIENT_APP_ID"
server_app_id_uri = "api://" + tenant_id + "/cloudkatana"
scope = server_app_id_uri + "/user_impersonation"

app = PublicClientApplication(
    public_client_app_id,
    authority="https://login.microsoftonline.com/" + tenant_id
)
result = app.acquire_token_interactive(scopes=[scope])
bearer_token = result['access_token']

Set Azure Function Orchestrator#

endpoint = function_app_url + "/api/orchestrators/Orchestrator"

Prepare HTTP Body#

data = [{'RequestId': 'f3ba9501-fe8d-4149-b9e2-680c40e435b4', 'name': 'Add Password to Azure AD Application', 'metadata': {'creationDate': '2021-08-05', 'modificationDate': '2021-09-08', 'description': 'A threat actor might want to add a password to an Azure AD application for persistence purposes via Microsoft Graph APIs and the right permissions.\n', 'contributors': ['Roberto Rodriguez @Cyb3rWard0g', 'MSTIC R&D'], 'mitreAttack': [{'technique': 'T1098.001', 'tactics': ['TA0003']}]}, 'steps': [{'schema': 'atomic', 'id': '178c34fc-c295-4b6d-a73d-f5f8ae905169', 'name': 'Add Password to Azure AD Application', 'metadata': {'creationDate': '2021-08-05', 'modificationDate': '2021-09-08', 'description': 'A threat actor might want to add a password to an Azure AD application for persistence purposes via Microsoft Graph APIs and the right permissions.\n', 'contributors': ['Roberto Rodriguez @Cyb3rWard0g', 'MSTIC R&D'], 'mitreAttack': [{'technique': 'T1098.001', 'tactics': ['TA0003']}]}, 'authorization': [{'resource': 'https://graph.microsoft.com/', 'permissionsType': 'application', 'permissions': ['Application.ReadWrite.All']}], 'execution': {'type': 'ScriptModule', 'platform': 'Azure', 'executor': 'PowerShell', 'module': {'name': 'CloudKatanaAbilities', 'version': 1.0, 'function': 'Add-CKAzADAppPassword'}, 'parameters': {}}, 'file_name': 'add_password_to_azure_ad_application', 'number': 1}]}]

Send HTTP Request#

http_headers = {'Authorization': 'Bearer ' + bearer_token, 'Accept': 'application/json','Content-Type': 'application/json'}
results = requests.get(endpoint, json=data, headers=http_headers, stream=False).json()

time.sleep(30)

Explore Output#

query_status = requests.get(results['statusQueryGetUri'], headers=http_headers, stream=False).json()
query_results = query_status['output']
query_results